Graves dug for victims of the ‘Kucheng massacre’, ‘God’s Acre’, Fuzhou

Graves dug for victims of the ‘Kucheng massacre’, ‘God’s Acre’, Fuzhou


University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Os04-091. Photo from an album (UoB reference Os04) kept in the School of Oriental and African Studies Archives, London (SOAS reference MS 380 876/4). No caption in the album for this photograph of two large, freashly dug grave pits and five coffins, with wreaths and flowers piled up beside the open graves at the mission cemetery ('God's Acre'), Foochow (Fuzhou). One of the gravestones in the background reads ‘Minnie Mary / Wife of the Rev. H.S. Phillips C.M.S. Missionary’. Eleven missionaries and Chinese Christians were killed on 1 August 1895 at the mission houses in Huashan (华山), near Kucheng (Gutian), Fujian Province, by 'Vegetarian' rebels, who were part of a religious movement called zhaijiao (‘fasting school’), so called because they took vows of vegetarianism. ‘Kucheng massacre’. See Os04-092 (another grave in ‘God’s Acre’).



Estimated Date

August-September 1895




Black and white photograph


Archives & Special Collections, SOAS Library, University of London

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