The Commission of Inquiry into the ‘Kucheng massacre’ in session, Gutian
University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Os04-077. Photo from an album (UoB reference Os04) kept in the School of Oriental and African Studies Archives, London (SOAS reference MS 380 876/4). The commission investigated the killing of eleven missionaries and Chinese Christians on 1 August 1895 at the mission houses in Huashan (华山), near Kucheng (Gutian), Fujian Province, by 'Vegetarian' rebels, who were part of a religious movement called zhaijiao (‘fasting school’), so called because they took vows of vegetarianism. This image was reproduced in an article entitled ‘The Martyrs of Ku-Cheng’ by Henry Mostyn, published in ‘The Wide World Magazine’, August-September 1899, page 78, and captioned: ‘The court ready for the trial of the assassins’. See Ba03-24.
Black and white photograph
Archives & Special Collections, SOAS Library, University of London