University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Pe01-128. The Jiangnan Arsenal was established by Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang in 1865, it was China's earliest and largest military industrial enterprise. The Chinese name of the Kiangnan Arsenal was the General Bureau of Machine Manufacture of Jiangnan (江南機器製造總局) or the Jiangnan (or Kiangnan) Machine Works for short. See Ro-n0832 (which is a view of the inside of a gate at the arsenal).
Black and white photograph